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How to Write an Abstract for a Research Paper | 4 Examples

Unlock the secrets of writing effective research paper abstracts with our expert guidance and practical examples. Elevate your academic writing game now!

Farzana Zannat Mou

Zannat Mou

Last updated on Apr 5th, 2024

How to Write an Abstract for a Research Paper

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Table of Contents

Abstract writing is essential for researchers looking to communicate the substance of their work concisely. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll systematically explore the process of writing a compelling abstract. From defining its purpose to exploring formatting requirements, understanding the key components and strategies ensures the effective communication of a research paper. 

Whether for a journal article, thesis, or conference presentation, a well-written abstract serves as a gateway to engage readers and spark interest in fundamental research. Let’s explore the method of writing an abstract to fascinate audiences and make an enduring impression. 

When and Why Do We Write Abstracts in Research Papers?

When we write a research paper, we should ensure that it includes an abstract. The abstract is written at the beginning of the paper. It provides a summary of the whole paper. There are several reasons for writing abstracts in the research paper. 

Availability: They make the paper more accessible by giving a summary for those who may not have time to read the complete study.

Searchability: Abstracts frequently include keywords significant to the study, making it easier for analysts to discover the paper through databases and search engines. 

Review: A clear and comprehensive abstract can help reviewers quickly understand the study’s significance and methodology.

Indexing and Cataloging: Abstracts are used by indexing services and databases to catalog and organize research papers, making them easier to find for future reference.

Overall, writing an abstract is essential for effectively communicating the key findings and implications of a research study to a broad audience.

How to Write an Abstract for a Research Paper

Abstracts are mainly used in APA format research papers. A step-by-step guide to Writing an Abstract in a Research Paper” provides a comprehensive framework for creating a concise and informative abstract. From defining its purpose to structuring key elements like methodology and findings, this guide helps you effectively summarize their paper for academic purposes. Here are seven steps that will guide you in writing an accurate abstract.

1. Identify the purpose and scope 

Decide on the most objective of your research or paper. What issue are you addressing? What are the key focuses you may cover? Characterize the scope of your work and the particular aspects you may focus on.

2. Summarize key points 

Condense the most significant findings, arguments, or conclusions of your work into a summary. Highlight the significance of your findings and their implications. Utilize clear and concise language, avoiding unnecessary points. Point to provide sufficient data for readers to get the pitch of your work without needing to read the full document. 

3. Be concise 

Point for brevity while conveying fundamental data. Keep your sentences clear, direct, and to the point.

4. Follow the structure

Typically, abstracts have a structured format, including background/introduction, methods, results, and conclusions. Adapt this structure to fit your work.

5. Use keywords 

Add relevant keywords to make your abstract searchable and increase its visibility. These keywords should reflect the main themes of your work.

6. Avoid errors in writing

Try to complete each sentence. Use clear and easy language. Avoid all common writing errors

7. Revise and edit

Review your abstract for accuracy, coherence, and completeness. Make fundamental corrections to move forward with clarity and precision. By following these steps, you’ll be able to make an abstract that successfully summarizes your work and attracts readers to memorize more. If you have any problems with writing, you should improve your writing skills

8. Concern about Grammatical Errors

Grammatical mistakes destroy the structure of your writing. So if you have less knowledge about grammar or are prone to grammatical mistakes while writing, then visit QuillBot and Ginger Software[1] through which you can do grammar correction very easily.

Abstract Writing Examples

Sometimes the abstract is written in MLA format. If you practice these examples, you can learn to write your abstracts effectively, ensuring clarity and relevance to your research. Let’s share some abstract examples from my research paper. 

Example 1

The paper discusses the relationship between Caribbean society and higher-class society. In “Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl,”  class distinctions are visible. Caribbean societies are smaller than higher-class societies. Their culture is different from any other culture. Calypso and reggae music are popular in Caribbean society. These terms are also visible at the beginning of the “Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl” movie. In this movie, Captain Jack, Barbossa, and Will-Turner belong to Caribbean society (lower class society).

On the other hand, Elizabeth Swann, Governor Sawann, and James Norrington belong to a higher-class society; they live in Port Royal. “Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl” This movie is an American English movie, so every character should use standard American English, but in this movie, class distinctions are visible. That’s why lower-class societies’ languages are different from higher-class societies’ languages.

In this movie, language variations are visible. In addition, Governor Sawann is a powerful man and belongs to a higher-class society. In this movie, he uses standard American language. As a girl, Elizabeth Swann delivered her dialogue in a soft tone. In this term paper, we are trying to identify the language style usages of the characters in this movie from a sociolinguistics and language variation perspective.

Example 2

This paper explores modernism and selected children’s books from the modernist period. Two of the most widely known children’s books published in the said era, namely The Velveteen Rabbit and The Tale of Peter Rabbit, authored by Margery Williams and Beatrix Potter, respectively, were picked and analyzed to detect traces of modern literature. It was discovered that both books have multiple aspects associated with modernism. Apart from the two primary texts, information has been added along with proper citations from several scholarly books and articles derived from reliable sources. Through the study, this paper seeks to draw a connection between children’s literature and modernism.

Example 3

This report is about the film industry in Bangladesh from the students’ perspective. This paper is based on young generations’ perceptions, who are the main consumers of the film industry. This paper focuses on the growth and improvements of the whole industry and the positive and negative aspects from students’ perspectives that have impacts on the overall industry. It also focuses on the recommendations that are needed to improve the quality of films. To identify these objectives, an online study has been done among the students of a prominent institution named “East-West University.” A Google Form survey has been conducted with 35 respondents.

The frequency method and the descriptive analysis method have been used to analyze the data. The study result shows that the recent progress of the film industry is positive. This survey gives an idea of film content according to student’s preferences. This study finds out the major problems related to the progress of industry and recommends several ways to solve these problems. Students’ suggestions are also an important part of this survey to understand the current situation of the film industry and improve the drawbacks. Good content quality, creative stories, innovative ideas, and avoiding vulgarity and repetitiveness can lead the Bangladeshi film industry to a high-performing and competitive level.

Example 4

This term paper explores the theme of loss of innocence in the era of 17th- and 18th-century poetry. It analyzes the portrayal of innocence, the societal critique, and the consequences of the loss of innocence in both works. In 17th- and 18th-century poetry, the theme of loss of innocence was a big deal. Poets explored how people go from being innocent kids to facing the tough realities of adulthood. They talked about things like child labor and the fall of Adam and Eve to symbolize this loss of innocence. It’s all about how growing up changes us and how society plays a role in that.


In conclusion, writing a successful abstract requires attention to detail and clarity to represent the essence of a research paper concisely. By following an organized approach, researchers can guarantee their abstracts convey the study’s purpose, strategies, results, and conclusions precisely. A step-by-step guide enables researchers to begin with a clear understanding of their research goals, select key points for research, and follow the prescribed word limit. Through concise and precise language, coupled with examples illustrating successful abstracts, authors can upgrade the availability, searchability, and impact of their work, eventually contributing to the spread and advancement of information in their areas.


How do you structure your abstract?

The structure of the abstract you may follow is an introduction, background, methodology, research findings, results, and conclusions.

Can I include references or citations in the abstract?

Don’t do it, even mistakenly because abstracts must be written in your language and with your thoughts. You can’t include any references, citations, or in-text citations.

What is the ideal length of an abstract?

Generally, an abstract should be written within 100–250 words. Also, you should be aware that it must be written in one paragraph.

Should I write an abstract before completing the research paper?

If you write an abstract before completing your paper, then readers will not get an appropriate summary of your whole paper. It will be better to write an abstract after finishing the paper. It is also easier to include a summary of all the information and data in an abstract.

How we've reviewed this article

Our content is thoroughly researched and fact-checked using reputable sources. While we aim for precision, we encourage independent verification for complete confidence.

We keep our articles up-to-date regularly to ensure accuracy and relevance as new information becomes available.

Written By
Zannat Mou
Edited By
Murad Khan
Reviewed By
Editorial Team

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I visited a reputable university, where I found that lots of students were excited to learn how to write a research paper. They also want to learn the APA research paper format and outline. Every academic course has an APA research paper outline that is useful for writing research papers. 

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We write different types of papers for academic and professional reasons. Research paper is one of the most important papers and it is different from other papers. There are different types of rules for writing a research paper, the first part is the introduction. Through this article, we will try

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Writing a research paper in MLA format requires attention to detail and allegiance to particular rules set by the Modern Language Association. From formatting the title page to citing sources accurately, MLA format is fundamental for academic success. Let’s start by synthesizing the key components and steps included in making

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How to Write an Abstract for a Research Paper
How to Write an Abstract for a Research Paper | 4 Examples
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How to Write an Abstract for a Research Paper
How to Write an Abstract for a Research Paper | 4 Examples